Introduction to the 21 Disabilities

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Ever wondered why the number of people living with disabilities is dramatically increasing globally? Around 15 percent of the world’s population, or an estimated 1 billion people, live with disabilities according to the World Health Organization and they constitute the world’s largest minority group. There are persons with disabilities in all parts of the world and at all levels in every society. The number of disabled persons in the world is large and is growing, and India as one of the world’s nation is not left out. People with disabilities are often discriminated against universally. To ensure her disabled population is well catered for, the Indian government enacted the Rights of People with Disabilities (RPwD) Act in 2016.

In this microlesson, we will introduce you briefly to the 21 disabilities as clearly spelt out under the RPwD Act, carefully examining each disability in the most lucid way possible.


  1. Introduction to the 21 disabilities
  2. Physical Disabilities
  3. Intellectual Disabilities
  4. Mental Illness
  5. Disability due to other reasons
  6. Multiple disabilities including Deaf-Blindness


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